The Thought Occurs

Tuesday, 22 April 2014

Relational Clauses Vs Material And Mental Clauses

1. Diagnostic: Inherent Participants

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 213): 
In ‘relational’ clauses, there are two parts to the ‘being’: something is said to ‘be’ something else … This means that in a ‘relational’ clause in English, there are always two inherent participants … In contrast, the general classes of ‘material’ and ‘mental’ clauses have only one inherent participant (the Actor and the Senser, respectively). 

2. Diagnostic: Salience

Halliday & Matthiessen (2004: 214): 
Verbs in general in ‘relational’ clauses are typically non-salient, whereas verbs in ‘material’ and ‘mental’ clauses are salient at the accented syllable …